Construction Sitework Best Practices

Before a site can be developed and construction can begin, construction sitework must be done as part of the preliminary part of the building plan. This process includes multiple preventive and precautionary methods that aren’t part of the structure or construction process but help to prepare the area for the upcoming work.

What Is Construction Sitework?

Construction sitework involves multiple steps to not only ensure construction site safety but also improve the overall outcome of the building project. Investing in good site work means that you are starting with the most important steps first.

Common aspects of site work include clearing debris off the site (including brush and trees), grading the soil, controlling erosion and sediment, excavating the site, installing septic tanks, putting in utilities, and more. 

Ultimately, the goal of construction sitework is to set the stage for all of the construction activities that are to come. This process improves the building process and reduces the risk of potential issues later on.

Major Components of Sitework

When starting a construction project, talk to an experienced site work contractor to learn more about the best practices and recommendations for the job site. Each project is unique, which is why there isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution for site work preparation. 

Here is an overview of some of the most common practices for construction sitework.

Land Clearing

First, anything that will get in the way of construction needs to be cleared. This process often includes removing vegetation and trees, as well as any other debris that is present on the property. Removing these items makes room for the new development that is coming. 

Not only will clearing and grubbing make it easier to access the construction site, but it also reduces the risk of injury and problems later on. Usually, specific regulatory and environmental considerations need to be addressed, affecting how the debris is removed and how everything is disposed of.

Inspecting Site for Hazards

A thorough inspection must always happen before work commences. The goal is to identify anything that needs to be protected, such as water or utility lines. At the same time, this inspection can be helpful for managing potential hazards that can affect the construction process.

Shoring and Erosion Control

There is always a risk of collapse and weathering on the job site, especially if the soil isn’t stable. One aspect of construction sitework is to control the ground stability by carefully choosing the equipment, materials, and safety protocols that will be followed to protect the integrity of the site.

When determining the ideal shoring and erosion control, local environmental factors need to be considered, such as wind, rainfall, and any other weather conditions that affect the area. Additionally, it’s essential to protect natural resources and waterways in the vicinity.

Installing Guardrails, Fencing, and Ladders

One element of safety is to use the right equipment that will support workers in moving around with minimal risk of injury. The installation of ladders, guardrails, and fencing is essential, helping to reduce the risk of falling and injury on the job.

Not only does injury result in serious concerns for the affected team members, but injury can also have a negative impact on the risk of project delays. So, installing these protective elements is a win-win to protect individuals and help the team stay on track with the desired timeline. 

Additionally, it’s important to note that proper PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is required. This includes things such as high visibility vests or shirts, hard hats, respirators, safety glasses, and so on depending on what is needed for the site to ensure property safety measures are met. 

Using Appropriate Tools and Equipment

Various types of tools and equipment can be used to ensure the successful outcome of the project. When a contractor invests in the right tools, it makes a difference in the outcome of construction sitework. At the same time, these tools and equipment matter to the safety of everyone on site.

As you are evaluating contractors in the construction industry who offer the sitework services you need, make sure to take time to ask questions about available services. In addition to learning more about their processes, you also need information about the tools and equipment they will be using.

Subgrade Shoring

These steps for construction sitework prevent issues relating to the way the ground shifts or caves. The goal is to keep the soil stable below the topsoil, which reduces the risk of soil sifting or site caving. Subgrade shoring is a critical part of the preparation for construction in order to avoid structural damage (such as foundation cracking) in the future. 

The most common approach is to use a reclaiming or stabilization agent, which is blended with lime or cement and added to the soil. The specific products are selected based on soil type because the amount and type of additives change depending on soil testing and quality. 

Preparing Drainage and Water Systems

Finally, it’s essential to manage drainage and water systems. These systems not only bring safe water to the building but also have methods for clearing stormwater from the site. Regardless of the size of the construction project (residential or commercial), every building needs potable water and a way to pump the wastewater out.

Drainage and water systems are put in place in the beginning as part of the construction sitework. Then the site will be ready for construction. At Mikula Contracting, we use multiple pumps and generators as needed to ensure drainage and water systems are managed properly. 

Safety Is Always the Most Important Goal

The most important factor on every job site is protecting the safety of workers and anyone else who sets foot on the site. Hiring an experienced contractor for construction sitework ensures optimal results by protecting the team.

Consult Mikula Contracting for Your Construction Sitework Needs

Do you need more information about construction sitework services in New Jersey? Reach out to the experts: Mikula Contracting is here to help with commercial excavation, residential excavation, site work, and more.

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